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The Role of Technology in Mitigating Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Power Sector in Developing Countries: the Case of China, India, and Mexico
Vijay, S. AND A. Chikkatur. The Role of Technology in Mitigating Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Power Sector in Developing Countries: the Case of China, India, and Mexico. Chapter 11, Global Climate Change--The Technology Challenge. Springer, New York, NY, ISBN:9048131529:pg.345-376, (2011).
For Frank Princiotta’s book, Global Climate Change—The Technology Challenge China, India, and Mexico are the top emitters of CO2 among developing nations. The electric power sectors in China and India is dominated by coal-fired power plants, whereas in Mexico, fuel oil and natural gas are the key fossil fuels. Spurred by economic development and population growth, demand for electricity in these countries is expected to continue to rise. How this increased demand is met will have a significant impact on emissions of greenhouse gases. While available port-folio of generation and mitigation technologies may not suffice to arrest the growth of emissions, it can help reduce the rate of growth of emissions. To achieve significant reductions, multi-prong approaches are required, such as re-duction in demand by adopting end-use efficiency improvement measures, accel-erated deployment of renewable and nuclear power, and adoption of cleaner more efficient generation technologies. Retrofitting the existing fleet to meet strength-ened environmental standards, and accelerated fleet-turnover, coupled with adop-tion of state-of-the-art high efficiency generation technologies, such as supercriti-cal and ultra-supercritical boilers and advanced combined-cycle gas turbines should play an important role in meeting the increasing demand while emitting the least amount of GHG emissions. In parallel, significant R&D efforts will have to be undertaken to adapt off-the-shelf generation technologies to suit local needs. Moreover, in the medium to long term, developed countries will need to provide financial and technical support for these countries and partner with them to de-velop, design, demonstrate, and deploy end-of-pipe controls for capturing carbon dioxide, and its sequestration.
NRMRL RTP P 1086 CH 11 PRINCIOTTA BOOK.PDF (PDF,NA pp, 2192 KB, about PDF)
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (BOOK CHAPTER)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY
AIR POLLUTION PREVENTION AND CONTROL DIVISION