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PERMEABLE REACTIVE BARRIERS FOR IN-SITU TREATMENT OF ARSENIC-CONTAMINATED GROUNDWATER
BAIN, J., D. BLOWES, D. SMYTH, C. PTACEK, J. WILKINS, AND R. LUDWIGH. PERMEABLE REACTIVE BARRIERS FOR IN-SITU TREATMENT OF ARSENIC-CONTAMINATED GROUNDWATER. In Proceedings, Fifth International Conference on Remediation of Chlorinated and Recalcitrant Compounds, Monterey, CA, May 22 - 25, 2006. Battelle Press, Columbus, OH, H-38, ISBN1574771574, (2006).
To inform the public.
Laboratory and field research has shown that permeable reactive barriers (PRBs) containing a variety of materials can treat arsenic (As) contaminated groundwater. Sites where these PRBs are located include a mine tailings facility, fertilizer and chemical manufacturing sites, a thermal-electric power generation facility and an electrical transmission site. The reactive material in these PRBs includes mixtures based on zero valent iron (ZVI) filings with or without an organic carbon (OC) source such as wood chips or compost or alternatively, basic oxygen furnace slag (BOFS). Removal of As to below drinking water limits (currently 0.01 mg/L mandate in USA) has been observed in all of these PRBs. The PRBs range from test scale a few meters long to 600 m long. Although the reactive materials in each PRB (except BOFS) are similar, there is significant diversity in the groundwater geochemistry and flow conditions encountered by each of the PRBs. Despite this diversity, groundwater geochemical monitoring at these sites indicates that two or more years after installation, removal of As is still occurring in all of the PRBs, and there is no indication that the level of treatment is diminishing.
Permeable Reactive Barriers for In-Situ Treatment of Arsenic-Contaminated Groundwater (PDF,NA pp, 160 KB, about PDF)
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (PAPER IN NON-EPA PROCEEDINGS)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY
GROUND WATER AND ECOSYSTEMS RESTORATION DIVISION
APPLIED RESEARCH & TECHNICAL SUPPORT BRANCH