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PERFORMANCE OF RETENTION PONDS AND CONSTRUCTED WETLANDS FOR ATTENUATING BACTERIAL STRESSORS
STRUCK, S. D., A. SELVAKUMAR, AND M. BORST. PERFORMANCE OF RETENTION PONDS AND CONSTRUCTED WETLANDS FOR ATTENUATING BACTERIAL STRESSORS. In Proceedings, 2007 World Environment and Water Resources Congress, Restoring our Natural Habitat, Tampa, FL, May 15 - 19, 2007. American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), Reston, VA, 8, (2007).
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Microbial contamination from fecal origins in stormwater runoff poses a risk to human health through the consumption of drinking water and recreational and bathing contact with surface waters. Indicator bacteria serve as the regulatory meter by which water quality is measured and water quality standards (WQS) must be met. However, because of the potentially high indicator bacteria concentrations in stormwater runoff, the untreated fraction in effluent may increase receiving water concentrations beyond WQS. This is in contrast to sanitary and combined stormwater and sanitary systems which, other than during sewer overflow, chemically treat the wastewater routed to treatment plants.
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Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (PAPER IN NON-EPA PROCEEDINGS)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY
WATER SUPPLY AND WATER RESOURCES DIVISION
WATER QUALITY MANAGEMENT BRANCH