Science Inventory

IMPACT ON WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM BIOFILM DENSITIES FROM REVERSE OSMOSIS MEMBRANE TREATMENT OF SUPPLY WATER

Citation:

MECKES, M. C., R. HAUGHT, K. KELTY, J. C. BLANNON, AND D. CMEHIL. IMPACT ON WATER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEM BIOFILM DENSITIES FROM REVERSE OSMOSIS MEMBRANE TREATMENT OF SUPPLY WATER. B.P. Dancik (ed.), ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING AND SCIENCE. NRC Research Press, Ottawa, Canada, 6(4):449-454, (2007).

Impact/Purpose:

to present information to the public

Description:

The quality of potable water is such that the concentration of nutrients available for growth of microorganisms within distribution systems is limited. In such systems carbon is often the growth limiting nutrient. Research conducted in the Netherlands has indicated that low levels (<10 µg/L) of available organic carbon in water is sufficient to maintain an actively growing population of heterotrophic, or organic carbon utilizing, bacteria in aquatic systems. However, the ability of commercially available and cost effective technologies to achieve such low concentrations of assimilable organic carbon in full-scale water systems is doubtful. Reverse osmosis (RO) systems have been used for many years to effectively remove contaminants from source waters. We challenged a water distribution system simulator (DSS) with water from a municipal system and water that was treated using an RO system under two concentrations of residual free chlorine to evaluate the effect of this disinfectant on biofilms in contact with low nutrient water. Our results showed that biofilm densities in the DSS carrying low nutrient RO treated water were lower than biofilm densities taken from the DSS when it carried water directly obtained from a municipal system.

URLs/Downloads:

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Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Product Published Date: 07/01/2007
Record Last Revised: 04/09/2008
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 139127