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HIGHLIGHTS, INSIGHTS, AND PERSPECTIVES ON INFECTIOUS DISEASE AGENTS IN SEWAGE SLUDGE AND ANIMAL MANURE IN THE U.S.
SMITH JR, J. E., P. D. MILLNER, AND N. GOLDSTEIN. HIGHLIGHTS, INSIGHTS, AND PERSPECTIVES ON INFECTIOUS DISEASE AGENTS IN SEWAGE SLUDGE AND ANIMAL MANURE IN THE U.S. ISBN0932424-28-7, Chapter 1, J.E. Smith, Jr., P. Millner, W. Jakubowski, N. Goldstein, R. Rynk (ed.), Contemporary Perspectives on Infectious Disease Agents in Sewage Sludge and Manure. The JG Press Incorporated, Emmaus, PA, , 3-23, (2005).
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The purpose of this chapter is: 1) Highlight the core principles and findings from the Workshop on Emerging Infectious Disease Agents and Issues Associated With Sewage Sludge, Animal Manures and Other Organic By-Products held June 4-6, 2001, Cincinnati, Ohio, so that all readers, scientists and non-scientists, can easily access the major outcomes; and 2) Provide a historical, policy and regulatory framework to shed light on, and better understand, the significance of the core principles and findings. This chapter is divided into two parts. Part I focuses on the major findings and how they relate to questions that the public, regulatory, and scientific communities have posed. Information is presented in a question and answer format. Part II includes the underlying principles and practices involved in treating wastes potentially containing infectious disease organisms; historical perspectives of how past practices and concerns influenced the establishment and implementation of current regulations and practices regarding infectious organisms; and finally, the critical role of process performance evaluation and oversight in an arena where public health is involved. It also incorporates some research findings and studies, as well as policy, regulatory, public health and public perception issues, which have emerged since the workshop. The opportunity to analyze and access both the workshop outcomes and more current developments has resulted in a comprehensive assessment of the state of the knowledge of infectious disease agents in sewage sludge and manure relative to effectiveness of disinfection treatment practices.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (BOOK CHAPTER)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY
TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER AND SUPPORT DIVISION
TECHNICAL INFORMATION BRANCH