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HANDBOOK FOR CONSTRUCTED WETLANDS RECEIVING ACID MINE DRAINAGE
Wideman, T. R., D. M. Updegraff, R. W. Klusman, R. R. Cohen, J. M. Emerick, J. C. Gormley, AND R. L. Olsen. HANDBOOK FOR CONSTRUCTED WETLANDS RECEIVING ACID MINE DRAINAGE. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, EPA/540/R-93/523, 1993.
In the summer of 1987, a pilot constructed wetland was built at the Big Five Tunnel in Idaho Springs, Colorado. This report details the theory, design and construction of wetlands receiving acid mine drainages, based on the second and third year of operation of this wetland, which was funded by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency under the SITE Emerging Technologies Program. The text is divided into two broad sections: Part A - Theoretical Development, and Part B - Design Consideration in the latter sections of Part A and through all of part B. The focus is on removal of metals by precipitation of sulfides through the activity of sulfate reducing bacteria.