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DEVELOPMENT OF SAMPLING AND ANALYTICAL METHODS FOR THE MEASUREMENT OF NITROUS OXIDE FROM FOSSIL FUEL COMBUSTION SOURCES
Ryan, J. AND S. Karns. DEVELOPMENT OF SAMPLING AND ANALYTICAL METHODS FOR THE MEASUREMENT OF NITROUS OXIDE FROM FOSSIL FUEL COMBUSTION SOURCES. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C., EPA/600/R-93/088 (NTIS 93-194330), 1993.
The report documents the technical approach and results achieved while developing a grab sampling method and an automated, on-line gas chromatography method suitable to characterize nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions from fossil fuel combustion sources. The two methods developed have been documented in the form of U.S. EPA/AEERL Recommended Operating Procedures. The combustion of fossil fuels is suspected to contribute to measured increases in ambient concentrations of N2O. Accurate and reliable measurement techniques would help to assess the relative contribution of fossil fuel combustion N2O emissions to the increase in ambient concentrations. The characterization of N20 emissions from fossil fuel combustion sources has been hindered by the lack of suitable and acceptable grab sampling and on-line monitoring methodologies. Grab samples have been shown to be compromised by a sampling artifact in which N2O is actually generated in the sample container in the presence of sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), and moisture. On-line monitoring techniques are limited and, of those available, instrument costs are often prohibitive, detection levels are often insufficient, and the techniques are often susceptible to interferences present in combustion process effluents.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (PUBLISHED REPORT/REPORT)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY
AIR POLLUTION PREVENTION AND CONTROL DIVISION
AIR POLLUTION TECHNOLOGY BRANCH