You are here:
HVAC SYSTEMS AS EMISSION SOURCES AFFECTING INDOOR AIR QUALITY: A CRITICAL REVIEW
Batterman, S. A. AND H. Burge. HVAC SYSTEMS AS EMISSION SOURCES AFFECTING INDOOR AIR QUALITY: A CRITICAL REVIEW. HEATING, VENTILATING, AIR CONDITIONING & REFRIGERATION RESEARCH 1(1):61-80, (1995).
Published Journal Article
The paper discusses results of an evaluation of literature on heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems as contaminant emission sources that affect indoor air quality (IAQ). The various literature sources and methods for characterizing HVAC emission sources are reviewed. Characterization methods include in situ tests, longitudinal and cross-sectional studies, and laboratory studies. A critique of the literature reveals that few studies are well-controlled, comprehensive, and quantitative. Significant gaps in the data are highlighted, and procedures are suggested to improve the characterization of bioaerosol and VOC (volatile organic compound) emission sources. Several HVAC components are cited frequently as emission sources, and there is broad agreement regarding their significance. These sources include biological growth and bioaerosol generation in the presence of moisture provided by air washers and other recirculating water systems, or by poor control of humidity, badly designed humidifying systems, and inadequately maintained cooling coils and drip pans. IAQ problems appear exacerbated by dust accumulation and the presence of fibrous insulation. Other problems include entrainment, migration, and infiltration of indoor and outdoor contaminants that are distributed to indoor spaces by the HVAC system.