Science Inventory

AIR EMISSIONS FROM SCRAP TIRE COMBUSTION

Citation:

Reisman, J. AIR EMISSIONS FROM SCRAP TIRE COMBUSTION. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C., EPA/600/R-97/115 (NTIS PB98-111701), 1997.

Impact/Purpose:

information

Description:

The report discusses air emissions from two types of scrap tire combustion: uncontrolled and controlled. Uncontrolled sources are open tire fires, which produce many unhealthful products of incomplete combustion and release them directly into the atmosphere. Controlled combustion sources (combustors) include boilers and kilns specifically designed for efficient combustion of solid fuel. Very little data exist for devices that are not well-designed and use scrap tires for fuel. These sources include fireplaces, wood stoves, small kilns, small incinerators, or any device with poor combustion characteristics. Air emissions from these types of devices are likely between those of open burning and a combustor. However, there is a serious concern that the emissions are much more similar to those of an open tire fire than a combustor. Open tire fires are discussed. Data from a laboratory test program on uncontrolled burning of tire pieces and ambient monitoring at open tire fires are presented and the emissions are characterized. Mutagenic emission data from open burning of scrap tires are compared to mutagenic data for other fuels from both controlled and uncontrolled combustion. A list of 34 target compounds representing the highest potential for health impacts from open tire fires is presented. The list can be used to design an air monitoring plan to evaluate health risk potential.

URLs/Downloads:

NTISCONTACT.PDF   (PDF,NA pp, 8 KB,  about PDF)

AIR EMISSIONS FROM SCRAP TIRE COMBUSTION

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (PUBLISHED REPORT/REPORT)
Product Published Date: 10/01/1997
Record Last Revised: 08/24/2011
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 115147

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL RISK MANAGEMENT RESEARCH LABORATORY

AIR POLLUTION PREVENTION AND CONTROL DIVISION

AIR POLLUTION TECHNOLOGY BRANCH