Office of Research and Development Publications

A software framework for assessing the resilience of drinking water systems to disasters with an example earthquake case study

Citation:

Klise, K., M. Bynum, D. Moriarty, AND R. Murray. A software framework for assessing the resilience of drinking water systems to disasters with an example earthquake case study. ENVIRONMENTAL MODELLING & SOFTWARE. Elsevier Science, New York, NY, 95:420-431, (2017).

Impact/Purpose:

Drinking water systems are subject to a wide range of hazardous incidents that can disrupt service to customers and damage critical infrastructure. This paper introduces a new software tool called the Water Network Tool for Resilience (WNTR) that water utilities can use to assess their resilience to disasters. WNTR is a new open source Python™ package designed to help water utilities investigate resilience of water distribution systems to hazards and evaluate resilience-enhancing actions. In this paper, the WNTR modeling framework is presented and a case study is described that uses WNTR to simulate the effects of an earthquake on a water distribution system. The case study illustrates that the severity of damage is not only a function of system integrity and earthquake magnitude, but also of the available resources and repair strategies used to return the system to normal operating conditions. While earthquakes are particularly concerning since buried water distribution pipelines are highly susceptible to damage, the software framework can be applied to other types of hazards, including power outages and contamination incidents.

Description:

Journal article

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Product Published Date: 07/07/2017
Record Last Revised: 06/02/2020
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 337243