Science Inventory

Acute and Developmental Behavioral Effects of Flame Retardants and Related Chemicals in Zebrafish

Citation:

Jarema, K., D. Hunter, R. Shaffer, M. Behl, AND S. Padilla. Acute and Developmental Behavioral Effects of Flame Retardants and Related Chemicals in Zebrafish. NEUROTOXICOLOGY AND TERATOLOGY. Elsevier Science Ltd, New York, NY, 52:194-209, (2015).

Impact/Purpose:

This study evaluated the neurobehavioral effects of acute or developmental exposure to t-butylphenyl diphenyl phosphate (BPDP), 2-ethylhexyl diphenyl phosphate (EHDP), isodecyl diphenyl phosphate (IDDP), isopropylated phenyl phosphate (IPP), tricresyl phosphate (TMPP; also abbreviated TCP), triphenyl phosphate (TPHP; also abbreviated TPP), tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), tris (2-chloroethyl) phosphate (TCEP), tris (1,3-dichloroisopropyl) phosphate (TDCIPP; also abbreviated TDCPP), tri-o-cresyl phosphate (TOCP), and 2,2-,4,4’-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-47) in zebrafish (Danio rerio) larvae. When given developmentally, all chemicals except BPDP, IDDP and TBBPA produced behavioral effects. When given acutely, all chemicals produced behavioral effects, with TPHP, TBBPA, EHDP, IDDP and BPDP eliciting the most effects at the most concentrations. The study was done to screen and prioritize a group f organophosphate flame retardants for both acute and developmental neurotoxicity using zebrafish as a model. Zebrafish is a translational vertebrate model that informs both human health and ecological toxicity. Many of these flame retardant chemicals lack any neurotoxicity data, and this study was designed to address those concerns and help prioritize this group of chemicals for further testing in mammalian or ecological testing. Many of these chemicals showed developmental or acute neurobehavioral alterations at low micromolar concentrations. Using the data presented in this paper, interested parties may be able to make more informed choices about which chemicals to concentrate on for further testing.

Description:

As polybrominated diphenyl ethers are phased out, numerous compounds are emerging as potential replacement flame retardants for use in consumer and electronic products. Little is known, however, about the neurobehavioral toxicity of these replacements. This study evaluated the neurobehavioral effects of acute or developmental exposure to t-butylphenyl diphenyl phosphate (BPDP), 2-ethylhexyl diphenyl phosphate (EHDP), isodecyl diphenyl phosphate (IDDP), isopropylated phenyl phosphate (IPP), tricresyl phosphate (TMPP; also abbreviated TCP), triphenyl phosphate (TPHP; also abbreviated TPP), tetrabromobisphenol A (TBBPA), tris (2-chloroethyl) phosphate (TCEP), tris (1,3-dichloroisopropyl) phosphate (TDCIPP; also abbreviated TDCPP), tri-o-cresyl phosphate (TOCP), and 2,2-,4,4’-tetrabromodiphenyl ether (BDE-47) in zebrafish (Danio rerio) larvae. Larvae (n≈24 per dose per compound) were exposed to test compounds (0.4 - 120 µM) at sub-teratogenic concentrations either developmentally or acutely, and locomotor activity was assessed at 6 days post fertilization. When given developmentally, all chemicals except BPDP, IDDP and TBBPA produced behavioral effects. When given acutely, all chemicals produced behavioral effects, with TPHP, TBBPA, EHDP, IPP, and BPDP eliciting the most effects at the most concentrations. The results indicate that these replacement flame retardants may have developmental or pharmacological effects on the vertebrate nervous system.

URLs/Downloads:

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ntt.2015.08.010   Exit

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Product Published Date: 12/01/2015
Record Last Revised: 12/01/2015
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 310477