Science Inventory

NICOTINE EFFECTS ON THE MOTOR ACTIVITY OF MICE EXPOSED PRENATALLY TO THE NICOTINIC AGONIST ANATOXIN-A.

Citation:

MacPhail, R C., J D. Farmer, K A. Jarema, AND N Chernoff. NICOTINE EFFECTS ON THE MOTOR ACTIVITY OF MICE EXPOSED PRENATALLY TO THE NICOTINIC AGONIST ANATOXIN-A. Presented at Society of Toxicology, New Orleans, LA, March 06 - 10, 2005.

Description:

Several studies in the literature have shown that exposure of mice and rats to nicotine early in development alters its effects when the rodents are subsequently challenged with nicotine. Anatoxin-a is a nicotinic agonist produced by several genera of cyanobacteria, and has caused numerous deaths of wildlife, livestock and domestic animals world-wide. We therefore determined the effect of nicotine on the motor activity of adult mice that had been exposed prenatally to anatoxin-a. Pregnant CD-1 mice received either saline vehicle or one of two doses of (+/-) anatoxin-a (125, 200 ug/kg), i.p., on GD 13-17. As adults (8 months), control mice of both genders were used to determine the effect of nicotine (0, 0.1, 0.3, 1.0 or 3.0 mg/kg, s.c.) on motor activity measured for 30-min in a photocell device. Under these conditions, nicotine produced dose-related decreases in both horizontal and vertical activity, with an ED50 estimated to be 0.65 mg/kg. Next, additional control mice and mice exposed prenatally to anatoxin-a received the nicotine ED50 and saline vehicle, in a counterbalanced fashion, with one week separating treatments. Nicotine decreased both horizontal and vertical activity in all mice, regardless of prenatal anatoxin-a treatment. Thus, no enduring effects of prenatal anatoxin-a were obtained in adult mice following nicotine challenge.
This is an abstract of a proposed presentation; the information does not necessarily reflect Agency policy.

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT ( PRESENTATION/ ABSTRACT)
Product Published Date: 03/06/2005
Record Last Revised: 05/19/2006
Record ID: 92308