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EFFECTS OF ELEVATED CO2 AND N-FERTILIZATION ON SURVIVAL OF PONDEROSA PINE FINE ROOTS
Johnson, M G., D L. Phillips, D T. Tingey, AND M. J. Storm. EFFECTS OF ELEVATED CO2 AND N-FERTILIZATION ON SURVIVAL OF PONDEROSA PINE FINE ROOTS. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH 30:220-228, (2000).
We used minihizaotrons to assess the effects of elevated CO2N and season on the life-span of ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa Dougl. Ex Laws.) fine roots. CO2 levels were ambient air (A), ambient air + 175 ?mol mol-1 (A+175) and ambient air + 350 ?mol mol-1 (A+350). N treatments were O, 100, and 200 kg N-ha-1 per year (NO, N100, and N200, respectively). Fine root survival was strongly influenced by season and seemed to be most strongly linked to soil temperature. Roots born in the fall and winter had longer median root life-span (MRLs) than those born during the spring and winter. Elevated CO2 increased root life-span but N fertilization decreased it. Under A. MRL was 74 ? 12 days (mean ? SE) and was significantly different from the MRL for the A + 350 treatment (102 ? 144 days). MRL under A + 175 averaged 92? 10 days. MRL was 116 ? 13 days for the NO treatment and was significantly greater than the MRL for the N 100 (70? 10 days), and N200 (62? 13 days) treatments. Assuming that longer lived fine roots continue their resource acquisition functions, then elevated CO2 may have the effect of extending the resource acquisition period. In contrast, fine roots in N-rich environments have shorter life-spans than fine roots in N-poor environments.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY
WESTERN ECOLOGY DIVISION
TERRESTRIAL PLANT ECOLOGY BRANCH