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CHARACTERIZATION OF DANSYLATED CYSTEINE, GLUTATHIONE DISULFIDE, CYSTEINE AND CYSTINE BY NARROW BORE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY/ELECTROSPRAY IONIZATION MASS SPECTROMETRY
Hammermeister, D. F., J A. Serrano, P. K. Schmieder, AND D W. Kuehl. CHARACTERIZATION OF DANSYLATED CYSTEINE, GLUTATHIONE DISULFIDE, CYSTEINE AND CYSTINE BY NARROW BORE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY/ELECTROSPRAY IONIZATION MASS SPECTROMETRY. RAPID COMMUNICATIONS IN MASS SPECTROMETRY 14:503-508, (2000).
A method using reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization-mass spectrometric (RP-LC/ESI-MS) method has been developed to confirm the identity of dansylated derivatives of cysteine and glutathione, and their respective dimers. Cysteine, GSH, CSSC and GSSG are present at low concentrations in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) liver cells. Initially, hepatic cells were sampled from a suspension culture and disrupted upon addition of 10% perchloric acid. The reduced thiols present in the cell extracts were acetylated to prevent dimerization and then the C and GSH species were derivatized with dansyl chloride for fluorescence detection. An LC system using a weak anion exchange column (AE) with flourescence detection was used for sensitive routine analysis; however, it produced peaks of unknown origin in addition to the expected analytes. Analytes were then separated on a C18 RP-LC system using a water/acetonitrile gradient with 0.2% formic acid, and detected using LC/ESI-MS at 3.5 KV which produced an intense ion with a minimum limit of detection of less than 0.5 pmole injected (>10:1 signal-to-noise (S/N). Subsequently, fractions of effluent from the AE-LC/FLD system were analyzed by LC/ESI-MS to confirm the presence of the target analytes in routine cell extracts. Monodansylated GSSG was identified as a product that could possibly affect the quantification of GSH and GSSG.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY
MID-CONTINENT ECOLOGY DIVISION