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CHARACTERIZATION OF DANSYLATED CYSTEINE, CYSTINE, GLUTATHIONE, AND GLUTATHIONE DISULFIDE BY NARROW BORE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY - ELECTROSPRAY IONIZATION MASS SPECTROMETRY
Hammermeister, D E., J A. Serrano, P. K. Schmieder, AND D W. Kuehl. CHARACTERIZATION OF DANSYLATED CYSTEINE, CYSTINE, GLUTATHIONE, AND GLUTATHIONE DISULFIDE BY NARROW BORE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY - ELECTROSPRAY IONIZATION MASS SPECTROMETRY. RAPID COMMUNICATIONS IN MASS SPECTROMETRY. John Wiley & Sons Incorporated, New York, NY, 14:503-508, (2000).
A method using reversed phase high performance liquid chromtography/electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry (RP-LC/ESI-MS) has been developed to confirm the dientity of dansylated derivatives of cysteine (C) and glutathione (GSH), and their respective dimers, cystine (CSSC) and glutathione disulfide (GSSG). Cysteine, GSH, CSSC and GSSG are present at low concentrations in rainbow trout (Oncorphynchus mykiss) liver cells,,. Initially, hepatic cells were sampled from a suspension culture and disrupted upon addition of 10% perchloric acid. The reduced thiols present in the cell extracts were acetylated to prevent dimerization and then the C and GSH species were derivatized with dansyl chloride for fluorescence detection. An LC system using a weak anion exchange column (AE) with fluorescence detection (FLD) was used for sensitive routine analysis; however, it produced peaks of unknown origin in addition to the expected analytes. Analytes were then separated on a C18 RP-LC system using a water/acetonitrile gradient with 0.2% formic acid, and detected using LC/ESI-MS at 3.5 KV which produced an intense ion with a minimum limit of detection of less than 0.5 pmole injected (>10:1 signal-to-noise S/N). Subsequently, fractions of effluent from the AE-LC/FLD system were analyzed by LC/ESI-MS to confirm the presence of the target analytes in routine cell extracts. Monodansylated GSSG was identified as a product that could possibly affect the quantification of GSH and GSSG.