Science Inventory

U.S. EPA OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT GUIDELINES FOR TECHNICAL EVALUATION OF ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS

Citation:

Fisher, W S., L E. Jackson, AND J C. Kurtz. U.S. EPA OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT GUIDELINES FOR TECHNICAL EVALUATION OF ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS. Proceedings of the International Congress on Ecosystem Health: Managing for Ecosystem Health, Sacramento, CA, August 15 - 20, 1999. CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, FL, 277-284, (2002).

Impact/Purpose:

Describe ORD's ecological indicators work

Description:

EPA's Office of Research and Development (ORD) has prepared fifteen technical guidelines to evaluate the suitability of an ecological indicator in a monitoring program. The guidelines were fashioned to provide a consistent framework for indicator review and to provide direction for research on indicator development. They are proposed for use in characterizing the strengths and weaknesses of indicators within the context of their intended application and may be used to compare different indicators proposed for a similar purpose. The guidelines are not intended to serve as 'indicator criteria' since different programs vary in their objectives and may be willing to overlook some deficiencies in order to capture a critical strength. The fifteen guidelines are organized within four evaluation phases, originally described for indicator development in the Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program (EMAP): (1) conceptual relevance, (2) feasibility of implementation, (3) response variability, and (4) interpretation and utility. In the EPA document that describes the guidelines, Evaluation Guidelines fo Ecological Indicators, examples of three different EMAP indicators are presented to demonstrate the types of information considered relevant to each guideline. The examples include a direct chemical measurement (dissolved oxygen), an estuarine benthic community index and a fish community index of biotic integrity.

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (NON-EPA PUBLISHED PROCEEDINGS)
Product Published Date: 10/29/2002
Record Last Revised: 05/14/2012
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 63646

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY

GULF ECOLOGY DIVISION

ECOLOGICAL DIAGNOSTICS BRANCH