Science Inventory

Year-round presence of neonicotinoid insecticides in tributaries to the Great Lakes, USA

Citation:

Hladik, M., S. Corsi, D. Kolpin, A. Baldwin, B. Blackwell, AND J. Cavallin. Year-round presence of neonicotinoid insecticides in tributaries to the Great Lakes, USA. ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION. Elsevier Science Ltd, New York, NY, 235:1022-1029, (2018).

Impact/Purpose:

Neonicotinoid pesticides are a growing concern among environmental scientists. To better understand the transport of neonicotinoid insecticides to a sensitive freshwater ecosystem, monthly samples (October 2015-September 2016) were collected from 10 major tributaries to the Great Lakes, USA. For the monthly tributary samples, neonicotinoids were detected in every month sampled and a total of five neonicotinoids were detected. At least one neonicotinoid was detected in 74% of the monthly samples with up to three neonicotinoids detected in an individual sample (10% of all samples). The most frequently detected neonicotinoid was imidacloprid (53%), followed by clothianidin (44%), thiamethoxam (22%), acetamiprid (2%), and dinotefuran (1%). Thiacloprid was not detected in any samples. The maximum concentration for an individual neonicotinoid was 230 ng/L and the maximum total neonicotinoids in an individual sample was 400 ng/L. The median detected individual neonicotinoid concentrations ranged from non-detect to 10 ng/L. Land use characteristics were significantly associated with certain neonicotinoid pesticides, indicating differential use patterns. This work helps better identify those pesticides most commonly detected and at what concentrations these occur, and will aid in assessing potential risk to ecological receptors.

Description:

To better understand the transport of neonicotinoid insecticides to a sensitive freshwater ecosystem, monthly samples (October 2015-September 2016) were collected from 10 major tributaries to the Great Lakes, USA. For the monthly tributary samples, neonicotinoids were detected in every month sampled and a total of five neonicotinoids were detected. At least one neonicotinoid was detected in 74% of the monthly samples with up to three neonicotinoids detected in an individual sample (10% of all samples). The most frequently detected neonicotinoid was imidacloprid (53%), followed by clothianidin (44%), thiamethoxam (22%), acetamiprid (2%), and dinotefuran (1%). Thiacloprid was not detected in any samples. The maximum concentration for an individual neonicotinoid was 230 ng/L and the maximum total neonicotinoids in an individual sample was 400 ng/L. The median detected individual neonicotinoid concentrations ranged from non-detect to 10 ng/L. The detections of clothianidin and thiamethoxam significantly increased as the percent of cultivated crops in the basins increased (ñ = 0.73, P = 0.01; ñ = 0.66, P = 0.04, respectively). In contrast, imidacloprid detections significantly increased as the percent of the urbanization in the basins increased (ñ = 0.66, P = 0.03). Neonicotinoid concentrations generally increased in spring through summer coinciding with the planting of neonicotinoid-treated seeds and broadcast applications of neonicotinoids. More spatially intensive samples were collected in an agriculturally dominated area (8 sites along the Maumee River, Ohio) twice during the spring, 2016 planting season to provide further information on neonicotinoid inputs. Three neonicotinoids were ubiquitously detected (clothianidin, imidacloprid, thiamethoxam) in all water samples collected within this basin. Maximum individual neonicotinoid concentrations was 330 ng/L and maximum total neonicotinoid concentration was 670 ng/L; median detected individual neonicotinoid concentrations were 7.0 to 39 ng/L.

URLs/Downloads:

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2018.01.013   Exit

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Product Published Date: 04/01/2018
Record Last Revised: 05/07/2018
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 340638

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY

MID-CONTINENT ECOLOGY DIVISION