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Ecological restoration should be redefined for the twenty-first century
Martin, D. Ecological restoration should be redefined for the twenty-first century. RESTORATION ECOLOGY. Blackwell Publishing, Malden, MA, 25(5):668-673, (2017).
This short opinion article is the result of a limited literature review on the concept and definition of ecological restoration. The new conceptualization that is presented in this article is important to the future of the social-scientific practice of ecological restoration.
Forty years ago, ecological restoration was conceptualized through a natural science lens. Today, ecological restoration has evolved into a social and scientific concept. The duality of ecological restoration is acknowledged in guidance documents on the subject but is not apparent in its definition. Current definitions reflect our views about what ecological restoration does but not why we do it. This viewpoint does not give appropriate credit to contributions from social sciences, nor does it provide compelling goals for people with different motivating rationales to engage in or support restoration. In this study, I give a concise history of the conceptualization and definition of ecological restoration, and I propose an alternative definition and corresponding viewpoint on restoration goal-setting to meet twenty-first century scientific and public inquiry.