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Development of a Climate Resilience Screening Index (CRSI): An Assessment of Resilience to Acute Meteorological Events and Selected Natural Hazards
Summers, Kevin, L. Harwell, K. Buck, L. Smith, D. Vivian, J. Bousquin, J. Harvey, S. Hafner, AND M. McLaughlin. Development of a Climate Resilience Screening Index (CRSI): An Assessment of Resilience to Acute Meteorological Events and Selected Natural Hazards. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, EPA/600/R-17/238, 2017.
Conceptual basis for an assessment of climate resilience at the county, state, EPA Region and national level, including both vulnerability and recoverability, is established. The conceptual structure and relationships among five domains, twenty indicators and 100+ metrics creates the basis for examining potential resilience to climate events and the consequences of community actions to address climate resilience. This evaluation is the first of its kind including both models of vulnerability and recoverability and their impacts on climate resilience.
We developed a conceptual model of climate resilience (CRSI – Climate Resilience Screening Index ) designed to be sensitive to changes in the natural environment, built environment, governance, and social structure and vulnerability or risk to climate events. CRSI has been used to develop an index score for climate resilience at the county level (scalable both upward and downward spatially) the represents both the vulnerability of the entity to multiple climate events and the potential recoverability of these entities from climate events. The approach uses five domains (natural environment, built environment, governance, social structures and risk) and 20 indicators related to the domains. CRSI characterizes holistic climate resilience throughout the US at the county level (2000-2015); ascertains the relationships among those domains and indicators; and, provide information regarding how that resilience score is constructed and the actions a community/county can take to improve their climate resilience.