Science Inventory

Biochemical Effects of six Ti02 and four Ce02 Nanomaterials in HepG2 cells

Citation:

Kitchin, K., J. Richards, B. Robinette, K. Wallace, N. Coates, AND B. T. Biochemical Effects of six Ti02 and four Ce02 Nanomaterials in HepG2 cells. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology. American Scientific Publishers , VALENCIA, CA, 16(9):9505-9534, (2016).

Impact/Purpose:

Cytotoxicity per se did not seem to fully explain the patterns of biological responses observed. There were four major biochemical effects observed. By far decreased activities of glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase was the major finding of this enzymatic study with some significant decreases observed at 10 ug/ml. In the range of 100 to 1000 ug/ml, the activities of superoxide dismutase, glutathione reductase and glutathione peroxidase were decreased by many nanomaterials. There are six factors that contribute to substantial oxidative stress in cultured hepatocytes (decreased GSH content, and reduced G6PDH, GRD, GPX, SOD and altered catalase activities). With respect to structure-activity, nanomaterials of Ce02 were more effective than Ti02 in reducing glutathione reductase and SOD activities. In summary, nanomaterials with 99.9% chemical identity can be surprising different in their biological effects. Risk assessment of nanomaterials can profit by studying them individually rather than assuming all members of a class (e.g. Ti02) will have practically the same biological properties

Description:

Abstract The potential mammalian hepatotoxicity of nanomaterials were explored in dose-response and structure-activity studies with human hepatic HepG2 cells exposed to between 10 and 1000 ug/ml of six different TiO2 and four CeO2 nanomaterials for 3 days. Various biochemical parameters were then evaluated to study cytotoxicity, cell growth, hepatic function and oxidative stress. Few indications of cytotoxicity were observed between 10 and 100 ug/ml. In the 300 to 1000 ug/ml exposure range a moderate to substantial degree of cytotoxicity was observed. The percent of lactic dehydrogenase released from cells was the most sensitive cytotoxicity parameter. There were four major biochemical effects observed. By far decreased activities of glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase was the major finding of this enzymatic study with some significant decreases observed at 10 ug/ml. In the range of 100 to 1000 ug/ml, the activities of superoxide dismutase, glutathione reductase and glutathione peroxidase were decreased by many nanomaterials. There are six factors that contribute to substantial oxidative stress in cultured hepatocytes (decreased GSH content, and reduced G6PDH, GRD, GPX, SOD and altered catalase activities). Cytotoxicity per se did not seem to fully explain the patterns of biological responses observed. With respect to structure-activity, nanomaterials of CeO2 were more effective than TiO2 in reducing glutathione reductase and SOD activities. The nanomaterials labeled D (TiO2 from Alfa Aesar, 22 nm dry primary particle size) and M (CeO2 from NanoAmor, 8 nm) were particularly biologically active compared to other nanomaterials of the same chemical composition. Nanomaterials with 99.9% chemical identity can be surprising different in their biological effects.

URLs/Downloads:

http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2016.12166   Exit

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Product Published Date: 09/09/2016
Record Last Revised: 11/21/2017
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 334490

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY

INTEGRATED SYSTEMS TOXICOLOGY DIVISION