Science Inventory

Towards the review of the European Union Water Framework Directive: Recommendations for more efficient assessment and management of chemical contamination in European surface water resources

Citation:

Brack, W., V. Dulio, M. Agerstrand, I. Allan, R. Altenburger, M. Brinkman, D. Bunke, R. Burgess, I. Cousins, B. Escher, F. Hernandez, M. Hewitt, K. Hilscherova, J. Hollender, H. Hollert, R. Kase, B. Klauer, C. Lindim, D. Herraez, C. Meige, J. Munthe, S. O'Toole, L. Posthuma, H. Rudel, R. Schafer, M. Sengl, F. Smedes, D. van de Meent, P. van den Brink, J. van Gils, A. van Wezel, A. Vethaak, E. Vermeirssen, P. von der Ohe, AND B. Vrana. Towards the review of the European Union Water Framework Directive: Recommendations for more efficient assessment and management of chemical contamination in European surface water resources. SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT. Elsevier BV, AMSTERDAM, Netherlands, 576:720–737, (2017).

Impact/Purpose:

Water is a vital resource for natural ecosystems and human life, and assuring a high quality of water and protecting it from chemical contamination is a major societal goal in the European Union. In this review, we give 10 recommendations to improve monitoring and to strengthen comprehensive prioritization, to foster consistent assessment and to support solution-oriented management of surface waters. Solution-oriented management should apply a tiered approach in investigative monitoring to identify toxicity drivers, strengthen consistent legislative frameworks and apply solutions-oriented approaches that explore risk reduction scenarios before and along with risk assessment.

Description:

Water is a vital resource for natural ecosystems and human life, and assuring a high quality of water and protectingit from chemical contamination is a major societal goal in the European Union. The Water Framework Directive(WFD) and its daughter directives are the major body of legislation for the protection and sustainable use of Europeanfreshwater resources. The practical implementation of the WFD with regard to chemical pollution has facedsome challenges. In support of the upcoming WFD review in 2019 the research project SOLUTIONS and the Europeanmonitoring network NORMAN has analyzed these challenges, evaluated the state-of-the-art of the science andsuggested possible solutions. We give 10 recommendations to improve monitoring and to strengthen comprehensiveprioritization, to foster consistent assessment and to support solution-oriented management of surface waters.The integration of effect-based tools, the application of passive sampling for bioaccumulative chemicals and an integratedstrategy for prioritization of contaminants, accounting for knowledge gaps, are seen as important approachesto advance monitoring. Including all relevant chemical contaminants in more holistic “chemical status”assessment, using effect-based trigger values to address priority mixtures of chemicals, to better consider historicalburdens accumulated in sediments and to use models to fill data gaps are recommended for a consistent assessmentof contamination. Solution-oriented management should apply a tiered approach in investigative monitoring toidentify toxicity drivers, strengthen consistent legislative frameworks and apply solutions-oriented approachesthat explore risk reduction scenarios before and along with risk assessment.

URLs/Downloads:

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2016.10.104   Exit

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Product Published Date: 01/15/2017
Record Last Revised: 04/09/2018
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 334174

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY

ATLANTIC ECOLOGY DIVISION

POPULATION ECOLOGY BRANCH