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A Practical Probabilistic Graphical Modeling Tool for Weighing Ecological Risk-Based Evidence
Carriger, J. AND M. Barron. A Practical Probabilistic Graphical Modeling Tool for Weighing Ecological Risk-Based Evidence. SOIL AND SEDIMENT CONTAMINATION: AN INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL. CRC Press LLC, Boca Raton, FL, 25(4):476-487, (2016).
We provide a flexible Bayesian network structure for weighing and integrating lines of evidence for ecological risk determinations
Past weight-of-evidence frameworks for adverse ecological effects have provided soft-scoring procedures for judgments based on the quality and measured attributes of evidence. Here, we provide a flexible probabilistic structure for weighing and integrating lines of evidence for ecological risk determinations. Probabilistic approaches can provide both a quantitative weighing of lines of evidence and methods for evaluating risk and uncertainty. The current modeling structure wasdeveloped for propagating uncertainties in measured endpoints and their influence on the plausibility of adverse effects. To illustrate the approach, we apply the model framework to the sediment quality triad using example lines of evidence for sediment chemistry measurements, bioassay results, and in situ infauna diversity of benthic communities using a simplified hypothetical case study. We then combine the three lines evidence and evaluate sensitivity to the input parameters, and show how uncertainties are propagated and how additional information can be incorporated to rapidly update the probability of impacts. The developed network model can be expanded to accommodate additional lines of evidence, variables and states of importance, and different types of uncertainties in the lines of evidence including spatial and temporal as well as measurement errors.