Science Inventory

Heme oxygenase activity correlates with serum indices of iron homeostasis in healthy nonsmokers

Citation:

Ghio, Andy AND D. Schreinemachers. Heme oxygenase activity correlates with serum indices of iron homeostasis in healthy nonsmokers. Biomarker Insights. Libertas Academica Ltd, North Harbour, New Zealand, 11:49-54, (2016).

Impact/Purpose:

Using NHANES II, this article demonstrates that HO activity contributes to human iron homeostasis with significant correlations between COHb and serum ferritin and iron levels and percentage saturation.

Description:

Heme oxygenase (HO) catalyzes the breakdown of heme to carbon monoxide, iron, and biliverdin. While the use of genetically altered animal models in investigation has established distinct associations between HO activity and systemic iron availability, studies have not yet confirmed such participation of HO in iron homeostasis of humans. Carbon monoxide produced through HO activity will bind to hemoglobin in circulating erythrocytes, and therefore, blood carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) can be used as an index of HO activity. Using the second National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, we tested the postulate that HO activity correlates with serum indices of iron homeostasis in healthy nonsmokers. The investigation included 844 lifetime nonsmokers (586 females) 18 years of age and older in the study population. Significant correlations were demonstrated between COHb and several indices of iron homeostasis including serum levels of both ferritin and iron and percentage ron saturation of transferrin. There was no significant association between COHb and hemoglobin, the largest reposiory of heme in the human body, which functions as the substrate for HO. We conclude that HO activity contributes to human iron homeostasis with significant correlations between COHb and serum ferritin and iron levels and percentage ron saturation of transferrin

URLs/Downloads:

https://doi.org/10.4137/BMI.S36226   Exit

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Product Published Date: 04/19/2016
Record Last Revised: 11/21/2017
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 316690