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Internet-Based Approaches to Building Stakeholder Networks for Conservation and Natural Resource Management.
Kreakie, B., K. Hychka, J. Belaire, E. Minor, AND H. Walker. Internet-Based Approaches to Building Stakeholder Networks for Conservation and Natural Resource Management. ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT. Springer-Verlag, New York, NY, 57(2):345-354, (2016).
The presented research describes two alternative methods for constructing stakeholder networks. These methods use internet-base approaches to define interaction between stakeholders, and are intended to be used when traditional methods are not feasible or as a supplemental method. We present this work specifically to conservation professionals, but this approach could be utilized by anyone doing stakeholder network analysis.
Social network analysis (SNA) is based on a conceptual network representation of social interactions and is an invaluable tool for conservation professionals to increase collaboration, improve information flow, and increase efficiency. We present two approaches to constructing internet-based social networks, and use an existing traditional (survey-based) case study to illustrate in a familiar context the deviations in methods and results. Internet-based approaches to SNA offer a means to overcome institutional hurdles to conducting survey-based SNA, provide unique insight into an institution’s web presences, allow for easy snowballing (iterative process that incorporates new nodes in the network), and afford monitoring of social networks through time. The internet-based approaches differ in link definition: hyperlink is based on links on a website that redirect to a different website and relatedness links are based on a Google’s ‘‘relatedness’’ operator that identifies pages ‘‘similar’’ to a URL. All networks were initiated with the same start nodes [members of a conservation alliance for the Calumet region around Chicago (n = 130)], but the resulting networks vary drastically from one another. Interpretation of the resulting networks is highly contingent upon how the links were defined.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY
ATLANTIC ECOLOGY DIVISION
POPULATION ECOLOGY BRANCH