Science Inventory

Seagrass epiphytes: useful indicator, potential biological criterion, or forlorn hope?

Citation:

Nelson, Walt. Seagrass epiphytes: useful indicator, potential biological criterion, or forlorn hope? CERF 2015, Portland, OR, November 08 - 12, 2015.

Impact/Purpose:

An extensive review of seagrass epiphyte literature was conducted to determine whether, and under what conditions, seagrass epiphyte metrics could be used as a potential biological criterion for nutrient impacts. While use as a criterion may be possible with extensive caveats, epiphyte metrics may be of greater use as a eutrophication indicator.

Description:

Epiphytes on seagrasses have been studied for more than 50 years, and proposed as an indicator of anthropogenic nutrient enrichment for over 30 years. Epiphytes have been correlated with seagrass declines, causally related to nutrient additions in both field and mesocosm experiments, and have quantifiable impacts on light available to host plants. These factors suggest that epiphyte metrics (biomass per unit area or weight of seagrass) should be an effective eutrophication indicator, and might even be a candidate biological criterion if consistent action levels can be identified. A key question is whether location specific modifying factors (grazing pressure, seagrass species, physical environment) cause levels of variation sufficient to negate general applicability. An extensive review of seagrass epiphyte literature was conducted to determine whether, and under what conditions, seagrass epiphyte metrics could be used as a potential biological criterion for nutrient impacts.

URLs/Downloads:

ABSTRACT - NELSON.PDF   (PDF,NA pp, 93.062 KB,  about PDF)

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (PRESENTATION/ABSTRACT)
Product Published Date: 11/12/2015
Record Last Revised: 11/18/2015
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 310318

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY

WESTERN ECOLOGY DIVISION

PACIFIC COASTAL ECOLOGY BRANCH