Science Inventory

Initial response of the nitrogen cycle to soil warming in Northern Minnesota peatlands

Citation:

Jicha, T. Initial response of the nitrogen cycle to soil warming in Northern Minnesota peatlands. Society for Freshwater Scientist, Milwaukee, WI, May 17 - 21, 2015.

Impact/Purpose:

not applicable

Description:

Peatlands store 30% of global soil carbon. Many of these peatlands are located in boreal regions which are expected to have the highest temperature increases in response to climate change. As climate warms, peat decomposition may accelerate and release greenhouse gases. Spruce and Peatland Responses Under Climate and Environmental Change (SPRUCE) project initiated soil warming in 2014 in ten peatland mesocosms (five temperature treatments from ambient (+0oC) to +9°C). Peat cores at three depths (acrotelm, catotelm, deep peat) were analyzed in the laboratory for denitrification, nitrification, and ammonification. Denitrification increased with the addition of nitrogen, but had a weak response to initial temperature increases. The strongest temperature response was in the deep peat. Mineralization rates responded weakly to temperature increases. Nitrification increased only in the catotelm, while ammonification decreased in deep peat. Denitrification and nitrification rates were correlated, decreasing with depth. Ammonification was inversely correlated with nitrification, increasing with depth. As soil temperatures rise, water levels decrease, and decomposition increases we expect nitrification-denitrification to increase, mobilizing nitrate and increasing N2O releases.

URLs/Downloads:

2015 SFS ABSTRACT .PDF   (PDF,NA pp, 60.83 KB,  about PDF)

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (PRESENTATION/SLIDE)
Product Published Date: 05/21/2015
Record Last Revised: 05/26/2015
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 308012

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY

MID-CONTINENT ECOLOGY DIVISION