Science Inventory

ABUNDANT OR RARE? A HYBRID APPROACH FOR DETERMINING SPECIES RELATIVE ABUNDANCE AT AN ECOREGOIONAL SCALE - 2014

Citation:

Reusser, D., H. Lee, C. Folger, K. Marko, R. Graham, M. Hanshumaker, AND Pat Clinton. ABUNDANT OR RARE? A HYBRID APPROACH FOR DETERMINING SPECIES RELATIVE ABUNDANCE AT AN ECOREGOIONAL SCALE - 2014. Presented at PNW Climate Science Conference, Seattle, WA, September 09 - 10, 2014.

Impact/Purpose:

To assess near-coastal species vulnerability to climate change affects, we designed a hybrid approach to determine species relative abundance at an ecoregional scale as defined by the Marine Ecoregions of the World (MEOW).

Description:

Everyone knows what abundant and rare species are, but quantifying the concept proves elusive. As part of an EPA/USGS project to assess near-coastal species vulnerability to climate change affects, we designed a hybrid approach to determine species relative abundance at an ecoregional scale as defined by the Marine Ecoregions of the World (MEOW). Over the continuum from absent to very abundant, many different phrases have been used to describe abundance. To resolve this conundrum, we developed a hierarchical abundance schema, with three levels of detail. We then developed guidance for interpreting natural history text in terms of relative abundance within a habitat and across the entire ecoregion. Recognizing that not all data are created equal, we combined as many sources as possible including quantitative data, qualitative data, expert opinion, frequency of occurrence in online biodiversity databases, and known spatial distribution using a weighted approach to identify a species’ abundance relative to other species in the same taxon/guild within the ecoregion. A key factor in assigning the relative abundance at the ecoregional scale is not only the species’ abundance within a particular habitat but also the area of the habitat; species very abundant in a limited habitat may be rare at the ecoregion scale. Details of this methodology, results of applying it to the 74 rockfish (Sebastes spp.) and 388 brachyuran and lithodid crabs in the 12 ecoregions from the Beaufort Sea to the Gulf of California, and the web based Coastal Biological Risk Analysis Tool (CBRAT) will be presented.

URLs/Downloads:

ABSTRACT - REUSSER.PDF   (PDF,NA pp, 12.001 KB,  about PDF)

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (PRESENTATION/ABSTRACT)
Product Published Date: 09/10/2014
Record Last Revised: 09/16/2014
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 286700

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY

WESTERN ECOLOGY DIVISION

PACIFIC COASTAL ECOLOGY BRANCH