Science Inventory

Bidirectional impact of atrazine-induced elvations in progesterone (P4) on the LH Surge in the ovariectomized (OVX), estradiol (E2)-primed rat


Goldman, J., L. Davis, A. Murr, AND R. Cooper. Bidirectional impact of atrazine-induced elvations in progesterone (P4) on the LH Surge in the ovariectomized (OVX), estradiol (E2)-primed rat. Presented at Society of Toxicology meeting, March 10 - 14, 2013.


This abstrac will be presented at the Society of Toxicology meeting March 10-14, 2013, in San Antonio, TX


Multiple daily exposures to the herbicide atrazine (ATZ) have been reported to suppress the luteinizing hormone surge (LHS) in female rats. Exposure has also been found to elevate P4 concentrations, and an increase in P4 is known to have a different directional effect on LH depending on its temporal association to the surge. Consequently, the present study focused on the effects of ATZ dose and exposure duration on the LHS in OVX, E2-primed Long-Evans rats. ATZ was administered by gavage (1300h), and serial tail blood samples were taken at 1400, 1600, 1800 and 2000h following 1, 2 and 4 days of exposure. An initial study with 0 and 100 mg/kg (a dose previously demonstrated to suppress the surge after multiple treatments) significantly enhanced the afternoon LHS peak and area under the curve (AUC) in response to a 1-day exposure. In contrast, 4 daily treatments caused a significant suppression in both measures, whereas no effects were present following 2 days of dosing. After a 1-day treatment, prompt and marked elevations in serum P4 concentrations, attributable to adrenal secretion, were present at both 30 minutes and 1 hour, but by the 4th day a marked fall was present at 1 hour. A dose-response assessment was subsequently conducted with 0, 10, 30 and 100 mg/kg ATZ for I & 4 days. At 1 day, 100 mg/kg caused similar elevations in circulating P4, the LH peak and AUC, whereas 4 daily exposures resulted in a shift to a reduced AUC. No effects on the surge were observed with 10 or 30 mg/kg at 1 or 4 days. This influence on the LH surge indicates that the effectiveness of ATZ in inducing P4-associated bidirectional shifts in LH depends on both the dosage administered and importantly on the temporal association of exposure to the appearance of the surge. (This abstract does not represent EPA policy.)

Record Details:

Product Published Date: 03/14/2013
Record Last Revised: 03/18/2013
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 252211