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Deposition and Accumulation of Emerging Contaminants in the Sediments of the Palos Verde Shelf, California
Cantwell, M., D. Katz, J. Sullivan, R. Eganhouse, M. Perron, AND R. Burgess. Deposition and Accumulation of Emerging Contaminants in the Sediments of the Palos Verde Shelf, California. Presented at Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) North America 33rd Annual Meeting, November 11 - 15, 2012.
Palos Verdes is a U.S. EPA Superfund site located off the coast of Southern California. Currently, this is the only Superfund site in the nation which is located on a continental shelf and contamination is due exclusively to municipal wastewater treatment plant discharges. This presentation presents results on the temporal trends of several classes of emerging contaminants for which limited information exists.
Deposition and Accumulation of Emerging Contaminants in the Sediments of the Palos Verde Shelf, California Mark G. Cantwell, David R. Katz, Julia Sullivan, Robert P. Eganhouse, Monique M. Perron, Robert M. Burgess The Palos Verdes shelf is located off the Southern California coast and has been receiving wastewater effluents from the Los Angeles County municipal sanitation district since 1937. Currently, a large segment of the Palos Verdes shelf is listed as a U.S. EPA Superfund site due to long-term discharge of DDT and PCBs which have resulted in highly contaminated sediments. While the fate and behavior of these “legacy contaminants” has been extensively studied, little information exists on the presence and trends of newer classes of pollutants that are classified as contaminants of emerging concern. Antimicrobial compounds and brominated flame retardants, both of which are used extensively in consumer based products are two such classes of chemicals. In this study, triclosan, a phenolic antimicrobial additive, and polybrominated diphenylethers (PBDEs), which are used as flame retardants, were measured in a 50 cm sediment core collected from the Palos Verdes shelf in 2009. Measurable triclosan is present to the base of the core and increases progressively up core to a maximum of 29 ng g-1 at 5 cm depth, which is consistent with contemporary levels observed in sediments at other marine locations impacted by wastewater effluents. Measurable PBDEs first appear at a depth of 43-45 cm and are comprised of major congeners associated with penta formulations (e.g., PBDE-47, 99, 100), and decabromobiphenylether (PBDE-209). The congeners used in the penta-PBDE formulation account for the majority of PBDEs present throughout the length of the core. In contrast, PBDE-183, a major component of the octa-PBDE technical mixtures is present only at extremely low levels. At 31 cm depth, PBDE-209 is the most abundant congener measured, with concentrations incr
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (PRESENTATION/SLIDE)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY
ATLANTIC ECOLOGY DIVISION
POPULATION ECOLOGY BRANCH