Science Inventory

Application of Computer-Aided Tomography (CT) Technology to Visually Compare Belowground Components of Salt Marshes in Jamaica Bay and Long Island, New York

Citation:

DAVEY, E. W., C. WIGAND, R. L. JOHNSON, A. HANSON, C. ROMAN, AND N. MAHER. Application of Computer-Aided Tomography (CT) Technology to Visually Compare Belowground Components of Salt Marshes in Jamaica Bay and Long Island, New York. Presented at New England Estuarine Research Society Spring Meeting, Port Jefferson, NY, May 05 - 07, 2011.

Impact/Purpose:

The purpose of the research is to develop methods so that Computed-aided Tomography (CT) technology can be applied to visualize and quantify the below-ground conditions in marsh wetlands investigations.

Description:

Using CT imaging, we found that rapidly deteriorating marshes in Jamaica Bay had significantly less belowground mass and abundance of coarse roots and rhizomes at depth (< 10 cm) compared to more stable areas in the Jamaica Bay Estuary. In addition, the rhizome diameters and peat particle densities were significantly greater in the deteriorating soils at Jamaica Bay. We compared these Jamaica Bay Estuary results with belowground cores collected from marshes in the Peconic and Long Island Sound Estuaries. Marsh cores were first collected at the Nature Conservancy Mashomack Preserve on Shelter Island; however, the CT analysis of these samples indicated this location had a much higher mineral content than the JB stations and was not ideal for direct comparison. Therefore, to look for a more suitable field site for comparison with JB, in September 2010 we collected cores from three more Long Island marshes, which were in the vicinity of Hubbard, Frost and East creeks on the south shore of the Long Island Sound Estuary. After a brief description of the CT technology applied, we will present some of our results from each of these marshes primarily as 2 and 3D visualizations of various belowground components.

URLs/Downloads:

EWDNEERS11.PDF   (PDF,NA pp, 8 KB,  about PDF)

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (PRESENTATION/ABSTRACT)
Product Published Date: 05/05/2011
Record Last Revised: 05/10/2011
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 234663

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY

ATLANTIC ECOLOGY DIVISION

WATERSHED DIAGNOSTICS BRANCH