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Assessing the effectiveness of green infrastructure stormwater best management practices in New England at the small watershed scale.
DETENBECK, N. E., R. ABELE, A. Morrison, AND D. Kopp. Assessing the effectiveness of green infrastructure stormwater best management practices in New England at the small watershed scale. Presented at New England Association of Environmental Biologists (NEAEB 2011) Conference, Sturbridge, MA, March 16 - 18, 2011.
To evaluate the effectiveness of green infrastructure stormwater best management practices at the small watershed scale in New England.
Methods are needed to evaluate the effectiveness of existing Stormwater Best Management Practices (BMPs) and Low Impact Development and to predict the relative effectiveness of proposed stormwater management plans in maintaining the habitat and biotic integrity of streams in New England. This research project is developing a suite of tools for assessing the effectiveness of stormwater BMPs. The toolkit includes ecological classification, predictive models of community composition, empirical derivations of species optima and tolerances, and the construction of community- and habitat-response curves along development gradients by ecological region and watershed class. These components will help define habitat expectations for New England watersheds under natural conditions and evaluate the effect of watershed development on selected habitat features. The project is creating macroinvertebrate, fish and habitat (flow, thermal and substrate) expected response functions along watershed development gradients. Available monitoring data for sites downstream of existing green-infrastructure stormwater BMPs and Low-Impact Development (LID) projects in New England will be plotted against response functions to determine the degree to which habitat and biotic integrity have been protected. Species presence/absence models and tolerance/optimum values will be used to assess the rate of species loss along development gradients that can be attributed to habitat degradation.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (PRESENTATION/ABSTRACT)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY
ATLANTIC ECOLOGY DIVISION
WATERSHED DIAGNOSTICS BRANCH