Science Inventory

Recent Developments in Whole Sediment Toxicity Identification Evaluations: Innovations in Manipulations and Endpoints

Citation:

BURGESS, R. M., K. T. HO, AND A. D. BIALES. Recent Developments in Whole Sediment Toxicity Identification Evaluations: Innovations in Manipulations and Endpoints. 2011Chapter 2, Werner Brack (ed.), Effect Directed Analysis of Complex Environmental Contamination, Handbook of Environmental Chemistry. Springer, Heidelberg, Germany, 15:19-40, (2011).

Impact/Purpose:

This chapter discusses innovations in whole sediment toxicity identification evaluation (TIE) manipulations and endpoints developed primarily over the last ten years. Innovations such as the use of supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) as a Phase III manipulation, bioavailability-based Phase II manipulations for isolating NOCs, Phase II methods for identifying pyrethroid, organophosphate and carbamate pesticides, and the integration of genomic endpoints into the TIE structure. Recently implemented environmental regulations require the diagnosis and identification of environmental stressors as part of the Total Maximum Daily Loading (TMDL) process. These requirements are likely to result in an increase in the conduct of whole sediments TIEs and encourage the development and application of more innovations.

Description:

Whole sediment Toxicity Identification Evaluation (TIE) methods were developed primarily in the late 1990s and early 2000s in research programs dedicated to developing manipulations and endpoints to characterize and identify causes of toxicity to benthic freshwater and marine organisms. The focus of those methods included nonionic organic contaminants (NOCs), cationic and anionic metals and ammonia. This chapter discusses innovations in whole sediment TIE manipulations and endpoints developed primarily over the last ten years. Innovations such as the use of supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) as a Phase III manipulation, bioavailability-based Phase II manipulations for isolating NOCs, Phase II methods for identifying pyrethroid, organophosphate and carbamate pesticides, and the integration of genomic endpoints into the TIE structure are described. In North America, recently implemented environmental regulations require the diagnosis and identification of environmental stressors as part of the Total Maximum Daily Loading (TMDL) process. These regulations are likely to result in an increase in the conduct of whole sediments TIEs and encourage the development and application of more innovations.

URLs/Downloads:

aedlibrary@epa.gov

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (BOOK CHAPTER)
Product Published Date: 04/15/2011
Record Last Revised: 07/11/2011
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 222485

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY

ATLANTIC ECOLOGY DIVISION

POPULATION ECOLOGY BRANCH