Science Inventory

Quantitative assessment of elemental carbon in the lungs of never smokers, cigarette smokers and coal miners

Citation:

Saxena, R. K., M. E. McClure, M. D. Hays, F. H. Green, V. Vallyathan, AND M. I. GILMOUR. Quantitative assessment of elemental carbon in the lungs of never smokers, cigarette smokers and coal miners. JOURNAL OF TOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH. Taylor & Francis, Inc., Philadelphia, PA, 74(11):706-715, (2011).

Impact/Purpose:

Inhalation exposure to particulates such as cigarette smoke and coal dust is known to contribute to the development of chronic lung disease. The purpose of this study was to estimate the amount ofelemental carbon (EC) deposits from autopsied lung samples from cigarette smokers, miners or control subjects and explore the relationship between EC level, exposure history and the extent of chronic lung disease.

Description:

Inhalation exposure to particulates such as cigarette smoke and coal dust is known to contribute to the development of chronic lung disease. The purpose of this study was to estimate the amount of elemental carbon (EC) deposits from autopsied lung samples from cigarette smokers, miners or control subjects and explore the relationship between EC level, exposure history and the extent of chronic lung disease. The samples comprised three sub-groups representing control (8), chronic cigarette smokers (26), and coal miners (6). Following the dissolution of lung tissue, the extracted EC residue was quantified using a thermal-optical transmission (TOT) carbon analyzer. Mean EC levels in the lungs of the control group were 56.68 ± 24.86 (SD) ug/g dry lung weight. Respective mean EC values in lung samples from the smokers and coal miners were 449.56 ± 320.3 ug/g and 6678.2 ± 6162 ug/g. These values were significantly higher (p < 0.001 and 0.05, respectively) than those obtained from the control group. EC levels in the lung and pack years of cigarette smoking correlated significantly. This study provides one of the first quantitative assessments of EC in human lungs from populations at high relative risk for the development of chronic lung disease.

URLs/Downloads:

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Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Product Published Date: 01/01/2011
Record Last Revised: 08/01/2012
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 222143

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY

ENVIRONMENTAL PUBLIC HEALTH DIVISION

INHALATION TOXICOLOGY FACILITIES BRANCH