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TROPICAL COLLECTOR URCHIN, TRIPNEUSTES GRATILLA, FERTILIZATION TEST METHOD
WAGNER, A. AND D. E. NACCI. TROPICAL COLLECTOR URCHIN, TRIPNEUSTES GRATILLA, FERTILIZATION TEST METHOD. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, 2012.
This method provides an assessment of the toxicity to indigenous biota of materials discharged into the tropical Pacific marine environment. The use of this method contributes to risk based determinations, and the scientific foundation they provide for regulatory criteria at the state, regional or national levels. General impacts from this contribution include improved understanding by managers and scientists of links between human activities, natural dynamics, ecological stressors and ecosystem condition.
This document describes a fertilization method to estimate the chronic toxicity of effluents and receiving waters to the gametes of the tropical sea urchin (Tripneustes gratilla). This toxicity test measures the fertilizing capacity of sperm following a static, non-renewal 60-minute exposure and a subsequent 20-minute exposure period following the addition of eggs. The purpose of the test is to determine the concentrations of a test substance diluted in sea water that reduce fertilization of exposed gametes relative to that of the control. This method was developed to provide an assessment of the toxicity of materials discharged into the marine environment, using biota indigenous to tropical Pacific regions, including Hawaii.
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