Science Inventory

9230 FECAL ENTEROCOCCUS/STREPTOCOCCUS GROUPS

Citation:

NOBLE, R. T., G. DICHTER, S. MCLELLAN, H. SOLO-GABRIELE, AND F. J. GENTHNER. 9230 FECAL ENTEROCOCCUS/STREPTOCOCCUS GROUPS. Chapter 923, Standard Methods for the Examination of Water. American Public Health Association, Washington, DC, , 1-7, (2009).

Impact/Purpose:

In 1903 the genus name Enterococcus was proposed for gram-positive, catalase-negative, coccoid-shaped bacterial of intestinal origin. Several years later, it was suggested that the genus name be changed to Streptococcus because of the organisms' ability to form chains of coccoid-shaped cells and that the species name should be faecalis because of their fecal origin. The genus name Streptococcus was adopted for the next 78 years and applied to coccoid-shaped, chain-forming, gram-positive bacteria of intestinal origin. Shortly after the acceptance of the revived Enterococcus genus, Streptococcus avium and Streptococcus gallinarum also were transferred to the genus.

Description:

In 1903 the genus name Enterococcus was proposed for gram-positive, catalase-negative, coccoid-shaped bacterial of intestinal origin. Several years later, it was suggested that the genus name be changed to Streptococcus because of the organisms' ability to form chains of coccoid-shaped cells and that the species name should be faecalis because of their fecal origin. The genus name Streptococcus was adopted for the next 78 years and applied to coccoid-shaped, chain-forming, gram-positive bacteria of intestinal origin. Shortly after the acceptance of the revived Enterococcus genus, Streptococcus avium and Streptococcus gallinarum also were transferred to the genus.

URLs/Downloads:

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Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (BOOK CHAPTER)
Product Published Date: 08/18/2009
Record Last Revised: 03/25/2013
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 161684

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY

GULF ECOLOGY DIVISION

ECOSYSTEM ASSESSMENT BRANCH