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CHILDHOOD BLOOD LEAD LEVELS NOT AFFECTED BY HOUSING COMPLIANCE STATUS
RAPAZZO, K., C. CUMMINGS, R. M. HIMMELSBACH, AND R. TOBIN. CHILDHOOD BLOOD LEAD LEVELS NOT AFFECTED BY HOUSING COMPLIANCE STATUS. ARCHIVES OF ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH. Heldref Publications, 62(2):81-85, (2007).
In a secondary analysis of data from the Childhood Lead Poisoning Prevention Program of Philadelphia (July 1, 1999 through September 1, 2004), the authors evaluated the effect of housing compliance status and time to achieve compliance on changes in children's blood lead levels. Blood lead level changes were not significantly different between children living in compliant housing and those living in noncompliant housing for periods of 1.5 to 2 years, 2 to 3 years, or more than 3 years (-11.01 microg/dL, -9.72 microg/dL, -12.5 microg/dL, -11.57 microg/dL, and -14.31 microg/dL, and -14.61 microL, respectively). In a stratified analysis of children younger than 2 years, the authors also found no association. Neither a house's lead hazard control status nor the time it took to achieve compliance affected long-term changes in children's lead levels. Current compliance programs may be helpful for primary prevention but did not impact change in blood lead for exposed children.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY
HUMAN STUDIES DIVISION
EPIDEMIOLOGY AND BIOMARKERS BRANCH