Science Inventory

A COMPARISON OF INTERCELL METRICS ON DISCRETE GLOBAL GRID SYSTEMS

Citation:

GREGORY, M. J., A. J. KIMERLING, D. WHITE, AND K. SAHR. A COMPARISON OF INTERCELL METRICS ON DISCRETE GLOBAL GRID SYSTEMS. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems. Elsevier Science Ltd, New York, NY, 32(3):188-203, (2008).

Impact/Purpose:

A discrete global grid system (DGGS) is a spatial data model that aids in global research by serving as a framework for environmental modeling, monitoring and sampling across the earth at multiple spatial scales.

Description:

A discrete global grid system (DGGS) is a spatial data model that aids in global research by serving as a framework for environmental modeling, monitoring and sampling across the earth at multiple spatial scales. Topological and geometric criteria have been proposed to evaluate and compare DGGSs; two of which, intercell distance and the “cell wall midpoint” criterion, form the basis of this study. We propose evaluation metrics for these two criteria and present numerical results from these measures for several DGGSs. We also consider the impact of different design choices on these metrics, such as predominant tessellating shape, base modeling solid and partition density between recursive subdivisions. For the intercell distance metric, the Fuller–Gray DGGS performs best, while the Equal Angle DGGS performs substantially worse. For the cell wall midpoint metric, however, the Equal Angle DGGS has the lowest overall distortion with the Snyder and Fuller–Gray DGGSs also performing relatively well. Aggregation of triangles into hexagons has little impact on intercell distance measurements, although dual hexagon aggregation results in markedly different statistics and spatial patterns for the cell wall midpoint property. In all cases, partitions on the icosahedron outperform similar partitions on the octahedron. Partition density accounts for little variation.

URLs/Downloads:

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Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Product Published Date: 05/01/2008
Record Last Revised: 01/21/2009
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 151692

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY

WESTERN ECOLOGY DIVISION

ECOLOGICAL EFFECTS BRANCH