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Nonnutrient Anthropogenic Chemicals in Seagrass Ecosystems: Fate and Effects
LEWIS, M. A. AND R. DEVEREUX. Nonnutrient Anthropogenic Chemicals in Seagrass Ecosystems: Fate and Effects. ENVIRONMENTAL TOXICOLOGY AND CHEMISTRY. Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, Pensacola, FL, 28(3):644-661, (2009).
Objectives of this article are to provide this review, assess the value of the available information in a hazard assessment context and provide recommendations for future research.
Literature reviews have been published for seagrass taxonomy, geographical distribution, species diversity, grazer-epiphyte interactions, morphology, physiology, salinity requirements, and nutrient impacts (Schaffer 1995; Jernakoff et al. 1996; Touchette and Burholder 2000; Bortone 2000; Jackson et al. 2001; Hemminga and Duarte 2000). The significance of toxic chemicals to seagrass destruction, the focus of this chapter, is largely unknown. The review of seagrass literature by Duarte (1999) found less than 20 published articles on the effects of toxic materials on seagrasses versus the hundreds of articles published on seagrass growth, distribution and dependent biota. The objectives of this chapter are to provide this review, assess the value of the available information in a hazard assessment context and provide recommendations for future research.
Record Details:Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Organization:U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY
OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT
NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY
GULF ECOLOGY DIVISION
ECOSYSTEM ASSESSMENT BRANCH