Science Inventory

SHORT-TERM METHODS FOR ESTIMATING THE CHRONIC TOXICITY OF EFFLUENTS AND RECEIVING WATERS TO WEST COAST MARINE AND ESTUARINE ORGANISMS

Citation:

Chapman, G., D. Denton, AND J. Lazorchak. SHORT-TERM METHODS FOR ESTIMATING THE CHRONIC TOXICITY OF EFFLUENTS AND RECEIVING WATERS TO WEST COAST MARINE AND ESTUARINE ORGANISMS. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, EPA/600/R-95/136 (NTIS PB96261665), 1995.

Impact/Purpose:

This manual contains whole effluent toxicity (WET) test methods considered by USEPA's Office of Research and Development (ORD) to have the necessary characteristics for use in the NPDES program and other USEPA monitoring activities, in Pacific coastal waters, for estimating the chronic toxicity of effluents and receiving waters.

Description:

This manual describes six short-term (forty minutes to seven days) estuarine and marine methods for measuring the chronic toxicity of effluents and receiving waters to eight species: the topsmelt, Atherinops affinis; the mysid, Holmesimysis costata; the sea urchin, Stronglocentrotus puxpuratus and sand dollar Dendraster excentricus; the red abalone Haliotis refescens; the bivales Crassostrea gigas and mussel mytilus spp. and the giant kelp, Macrocystis pyrifera. he methods include single and multiple concentration static renewal and static nonrenewal toxicity tests from effluents and receiving waters. lso included are guidelines on laboratory safety, quality assurance facilities, and equipment and supplies; dilution water; effluent and receiving water sample collection, preservation, shipping, and holding; test conditions; toxicity test data analysis; report preparation; and organism culturing, holding, and handling. xamples of computer input and output for Dunnett's Procedure, Probit Analysis, Trimmed Spearman-Karber Method, and the Linear Interpolation Method are provided in the Appendices.

URLs/Downloads:

SHORT-TERM METHODS FOR ESTIMATING THE CHRONIC TOXICITY OF EFFLUENTS AND RECEIVING WATERS TO WEST COAST MARINE AND ESTUARINE ORGANISMS   (PDF,NA pp, 3114 KB,  about PDF)

SHORT-TERM METHODS FOR ESTIMATING THE CHRONIC TOXICITY OF EFFLUENTS AND RECEIVING WATERS TO WEST COAST MARINE AND ESTUARINE ORGANISMS   Exit

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (PUBLISHED REPORT/REPORT)
Product Published Date: 08/01/1995
Record Last Revised: 09/03/2015
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 46584

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL EXPOSURE RESEARCH LABORATORY

ECOLOGICAL EXPOSURE RESEARCH DIVISION