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Draft Genome Sequence of Mycobacterium chimaera Type Strain Fl-0169
Pfaller, S., V. Tokarev, C. Kessler, C. McLimans, V. Gomez-Alvarez, J. Wright, D. King, AND R. Lamendella. Draft Genome Sequence of Mycobacterium chimaera Type Strain Fl-0169. Genome Announcements. American Society for Microbiology, Washington, DC, 5(8):e01620-16, (2017).
Evidence suggests that M. avium, M. intracellulare, and M. chimaera are differently virulent and a comparative genomic analysis is critically needed to identify diagnostic targets that reliably differentiate species of MAC. With treatment costs for Mycobacterium infections estimated to be >$1.8 B annually in the U.S., correct species identification will result in improved treatment selection, lower costs, and improved patient outcomes.
We report the draft genome sequence of the type strain Mycobacterium chimaera Fl-0169T, a member of the Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC). M. chimaera Fl-0169T was isolated from a patient in Italy and is highly similar to strains of M. chimaera isolated in Ireland, though Fl-0169T possesses unique virulence genes.