Science Inventory

Development and Application of Immunoaffinity Chromatography for Coplanar PCBs in Soil and Sediment

Citation:

VAN EMON, J. M. AND J. C. Chuang. Development and Application of Immunoaffinity Chromatography for Coplanar PCBs in Soil and Sediment. CHEMOSPHERE. Elsevier Science Ltd, New York, NY, 90(1):1-6, (2013).

Impact/Purpose:

The National Exposure Research Laboratory′s (NERL) Human Exposure and Atmospheric Sciences Division (HEASD) conducts research in support of EPA′s mission to protect human health and the environment. HEASD′s research program supports Goal 1 (Clean Air) and Goal 4 (Healthy People) of EPA′s strategic plan. More specifically, our division conducts research to characterize the movement of pollutants from the source to contact with humans. Our multidisciplinary research program produces Methods, Measurements, and Models to identify relationships between and characterize processes that link source emissions, environmental concentrations, human exposures, and target-tissue dose. The impact of these tools is improved regulatory programs and policies for EPA.

Description:

An immunoaffinity chromatography (IAC) column was developed as a simple cleanup procedure for preparing environmental samples for analysis of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Soil and sediment samples were prepared using pressurized liquid extraction (PLE), followed by the IAC cleanup, with detection by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Quantitative recoveries (84–130%) of PCB-126 were obtained in fortified sediment and soil samples using the PLE/IAC/ELISA method. These results demonstrated that the IAC procedure effectively removed interferences from the soil and sediment matrices. The IAC column could be reused more than 20 times with no change in performance with 99.9% methanol/0.1% Triton X-100 as the elution solvent. Results of 17 soil and sediment samples prepared by PLE/IAC/ELISA correlated well with those obtained from a conventional multi-step cleanup with gas chromatography/mass spectrometry detection.

URLs/Downloads:

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Development and Application of Immunoaffinity Chromatography for Coplanar PCBs in Soil and Sediment   (PDF,NA pp, 56 KB,  about PDF)

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Product Published Date: 01/01/2013
Record Last Revised: 11/08/2012
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 241064

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL EXPOSURE RESEARCH LABORATORY

HUMAN EXPOSURE AND ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES DIVISION

METHODS DEVELOPMENT & APPLICATION BRANCH