Science Inventory

Temporal and spatial patterns of internal phosphorus recycling in a South Florida (USA) stormwater treatment area

Citation:

Dierberg, F. E., T. A. DeBusk, J. L. Henry, S. D. Jackson, S. Galloway, AND M. GABRIEL. Temporal and spatial patterns of internal phosphorus recycling in a South Florida (USA) stormwater treatment area. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY. American Society of Agronomy, MADISON, WI, 41(5):1661-73, (2012).

Impact/Purpose:

see description

Description:

Large constructed wetlands, known as stormwater treatment areas (STAs), have been deployed to remove phosphorus (P) in drainage waters before discharge into the Everglades in South Florida, USA. Their P removal performance depends on internal P cycling under typically hydrated, but with occasionally desiccated, conditions. We examined the spatial and temporal P removal capacity under different hydrologic conditions along a STA flow path. While inflow soils are P enriched, the outflow region of the wetland contained P-unsaturated soils with minimal net recycling of bound soil P to the water column as plant-available P. The outflow-region soils were characterized by low porewater soluble reactive P (SRP) (≤40 μg L) and high total sulfide (TS) (2-9 mg L) concentrations, and total ammoniacal nitrogen (TAN) and SRP flux rates that averaged 1.51 and 0.002 mg m d, respectively. Pronounced increases in porewater and surface-water concentrations of SRP, dissolved organic P (DOP), and TAN were observed immediately after rehydration of the cell after an extended drought. Elevated total P concentrations persisted at the outfall of the cell for several months thereafter, resulting in an annual outflow total P concentration nearly threefold higher than the long-term mean. Relative to processes that can occur during extended periods of inundation, such as sulfate-enhanced P release from organic matter mineralization or iron sulfide formation, aerobic oxidation of organic matter during prolonged dryout periods is a more significant biogeochemical process in compromising soil P retention in STAs.

URLs/Downloads:

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Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Product Published Date: 09/01/2012
Record Last Revised: 12/30/2012
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 231504

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL EXPOSURE RESEARCH LABORATORY

ECOSYSTEMS RESEARCH DIVISION

REGULATORY SUPPORT BRANCH