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Risk Reduction from Minimization of Persistent, Bioaccumulative, and Toxic Waste Materials Within the U.S. Industrial Solid Waste Management System
BABENDREIER, J. E. Risk Reduction from Minimization of Persistent, Bioaccumulative, and Toxic Waste Materials Within the U.S. Industrial Solid Waste Management System. Presented at 1st International Conference on Hazardous Waste Management, Chania, GREECE, October 01 - 03, 2008.
This work directly supports multimedia modeling, sound science and performance-based impact analysis for major initiatives currently being undertaken by our client offices.
This study addressed three questions of interest in national-scale solid and hazardous waste management decision-making within the United States: 1) can we quantify the reduction in risk to human and ecological receptors resulting from the reduction of certain industrial waste streams containing select Waste Minimization Priority Chemicals (WMPC) that are persistent, bioaccumulative, and toxic; 2) can we address uncertainty in developing such a performance metric; and 3) more generally, can we quantify a protective national-scale “exit-level” threshold concentration that would establish the ability to safely manage low-level hazardous waste streams in less expensive, non-hazardous industrial waste management facilities?