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AMPLIFIED FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISM ANALYSIS OF MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM COMPLEX ISOLATES RECOVERED FROM SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA
PFALLER, S. L., T. C. COVERT, T. A. ARONSON, AND A. H. HOLTZMAN. AMPLIFIED FRAGMENT LENGTH POLYMORPHISM ANALYSIS OF MYCOBACTERIUM AVIUM COMPLEX ISOLATES RECOVERED FROM SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA. Journal of Medical Microbiology. Society for General Microbiology, 56(9):1152-1160, (2007).
1)Develop an improved method(s) for isolating and/or detecting nontuberculous mycobacteria from potable water. 2)Determine the best DNA fingerprinting method to use to determine genetic relatedness with clinical and environmental isolates.
Fine-scale genotyping methods are necessary in order to identify possible sources of human exposure to opportunistic pathogens belonging to the Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC). In this study, amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) analysis was evaluated for fingerprinting 159 patient and environmental MAC isolates from southern California. AFLP analysis accurately identified strains belonging to M. avium and Mycobacterium intracellulare and differentiated between strains within each species. The method was also able to differentiate strains that were presumed to be genetically identical in two previous studies using large RFLP analysis with PFGE, or PCR-amplification of DNA segments located between insertion sequences IS1245 and IS1311. For M. avium, drinking-water isolates clustered more closely with each other than with patient or food isolates. Patient isolates were more genetically diverse. None of the environmental isolates shared identical AFLP patterns with patient isolates for either species. There were, however, environmental isolates that shared identical patterns, and patient isolates that shared identical patterns. A subset of the isolates, which are referred to as MX isolates due to their ambiguous identification with the Gen-Probe system, produced AFLP patterns similar to those obtained from M. intracellulare isolates. Sequence analysis of 16S rDNA obtained from the MX isolates suggests that they are strains of M. intracellulare that were not correctly identified by the M. intracellulare AccuProbe from Gen-Probe.