Science Inventory

FISH PHYSIOLOGY, TOXICOLOGY, AND WATER QUALITY:

Citation:

U.S. EPA. FISH PHYSIOLOGY, TOXICOLOGY, AND WATER QUALITY:. Proceedings of the Eighth International Symposium, Chongqing, CHINA, October 12 - 14, 2004. D.J. Randall and M. Dung Yuk Man (ed.), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, EPA/600/R-06/062 (NTIS PB2006-114095), 2006.

Impact/Purpose:

The objective of this task is to provide the infrastructure for optimal planning and implementation of research and for assessing the quality of research.

Description:

Twenty-one participants from Europe, North America and China convened in Chongqing, China, October 12-14, 2005, for the Eighth International Symposium in Fish Physiology, Toxicology and Water Quality. The subject of the meeting was "Hypoxia in vertebrates: Comparisons of terrestrial and aquatic vertebrates". These Proceedings include 13 papers presented over the three day period and discuss the responses of fish, reptiles and mammals to hypoxia. These papers report on the responses of animals to hypoxia at the behavioural, physiological and molecular levels. Clearly hypoxia has wide ranging effects, the responses are complex and there are many similarities in the responses of all vertebrates to hypoxia. Organisms respond to hypoxia by reducing energy expenditure, in particular inhibiting reproduction, feeding and exercise. That is animals only expend energy that is absolutely necessary for survival. There is extensive reorganization of cellular machinery directed by hypoxia inducible factors (HIFs), proteins that increase during hypoxia and have a marked effect on the expression of many genes. As a result, anaerobic metabolism is up regulated and many aspects of aerobic metabolism are down regulated. Many cells enter cell cycle arrest. Thus organisms stop reproducing and growing during hypoxia and if the effects of hypoxia are severe, development of eggs and larvae is compromised.

URLs/Downloads:

FISH PHYSIOLOGY, TOXICOLOGY, AND WATER QUALITY   (PDF,NA pp, 2223 KB,  about PDF)

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (EPA PUBLISHED PROCEEDINGS)
Product Published Date: 06/29/2006
Record Last Revised: 09/03/2015
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 155770

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL EXPOSURE RESEARCH LABORATORY

ECOSYSTEMS RESEARCH DIVISION

ECOSYSTEMS ASSESSMENT BRANCH