Science Inventory

SPRAYTRAN USER'S GUIDE: A GIS-BASED ATMOSPHERIC SPRAY DROPLET DISPERSION MODELING SYSTEM

Citation:

ALLWINE, K. J., F. C. RUTZ, J. DROPPO, S. L. BIRD, AND H. THISTLE. SPRAYTRAN USER'S GUIDE: A GIS-BASED ATMOSPHERIC SPRAY DROPLET DISPERSION MODELING SYSTEM. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, EPA/600/R-05/109 (NTIS PB2006-101099), 2005.

Impact/Purpose:

Extend existing model technologies to accommodate the full range of transport, fate and food chain contamination pathways, and their biogeographical variants, present in agricultural landscapes and watersheds. Assemble the range of datasets needed to execute risk assessments with appropriate geographic specificity in support of pesticide safety evaluations. Develop software integration technologies, user interfaces, and reporting capabilities for direct application to the EPA risk assessment paradigm in a statistical and probabilistic decision framework.

Description:

The offsite drift of pesticide from spray operations is an ongoing source of concern. The SPRAY TRANsport (SPRAYTRAN) system, documented in this report, incorporates the near-field spray application model, AGDISP, into a meso-scale atmospheric transport model. The AGDISP model is a near-field modeling technology (<1000 m) used to evaluate primary drift from a single pesticide application to a single row crop field during neutral atmospheric conditions over level terrain with uniform surface characteristics under the assumption of uniform and constant meteorology. The SPRAYTRAN system incorporates the on-field deposition and near-field spray drift results from AGDISP into a meso-scale transport model through a geographic information system-based user interface. SPRAYTRAN also extends and uses the DUST TRANsport (DUSTRAN) modeling system to enhance the assessment of offsite drift of pesticides. DUSTRAN is being developed for the U.S. Department of Defense to assess training/testing range dust-oriented pollutant contributions to local and regional air quality, to help manage dust-generating activities, and to help develop dust-mitigation strategies. SPRAYTRAN allows the assessment of potential pesticide exposures from multiple applications to multiple fields in variable terrain with time-varying, non-uniform meteorology.

URLs/Downloads:

SPRAYTRAN USER'S GUIDE: A GIS-BASED ATMOSPHERIC SPRAY DROPLET DISPERSION MODELING SYSTEM   (PDF,NA pp, 2275 KB,  about PDF)

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (PUBLISHED REPORT/USER'S GUIDE)
Product Published Date: 09/22/2005
Record Last Revised: 08/18/2015
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 139688

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL EXPOSURE RESEARCH LABORATORY

ECOSYSTEMS RESEARCH DIVISION

REGULATORY SUPPORT BRANCH