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MEASUREMENT OF PYRETHROID RESIDUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL AND FOOD SAMPLES BY ENHANCED SOLVENT EXTRACTION/SUPERCRITICAL FLUID EXTRACTION COUPLED WITH GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY-TANDEM MASS SPECTROMETRY
XIONG, G. AND J. M. VAN EMON. MEASUREMENT OF PYRETHROID RESIDUES IN ENVIRONMENTAL AND FOOD SAMPLES BY ENHANCED SOLVENT EXTRACTION/SUPERCRITICAL FLUID EXTRACTION COUPLED WITH GAS CHROMATOGRAPHY-TANDEM MASS SPECTROMETRY. Presented at American Chemical Society Meeting and Exposition , Washington, DC, August 28 - September 01, 2005.
The overall objectives of the task include several components: (1) develop immunochemical methods for compounds difficult to analyze by conventional methodologies; (2) tailor immunochemical methods to support specific human exposure assessment studies; (3) team immunochemical sample preparations with instrumental analysis such as mass spectrometry for in-depth sample characterization; (4) provide methods to support NERL's human exposure and environmental monitoring efforts; (5) provide analytical methods that improve risk assessments by reducing the amount of uncertainity in environmental measurements; (6) provide multimedia analytical methods to support an integrated multimedia approach to assess and characterize risk to human health and the environment; (7) provide sponsorship of annual immunochemistry research meetings as a forum for stimulating interest and discussion on current or emerging bioanalytical methods; (8) develop and incorporate rapid, cost-effective laboratory and field portable immunochemical techniques such as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) methods into monitoring studies and human exposure field surveys to delineate sub-populations of "highly exposed" individuals for detailed follow-up studies.
Specific method needs have been identified through consultations with client office personnel. This Task strives to fulfill those needs as appropriate. In particular, methods for pyrethroids, e.g., permethrin, cypermethrin, and deltamethrin are being developed and evaluated. Efficient sample preparations are under development for exposure samples using pressurized liquid extraction. Confirmation will be achieved using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). A rapid immunoassay approach for the analysis of 2,4-D in urine will be completed and a SOP and report written. Immunoaffinity chromatography sample preparations for the pyrethroids will be developed. Work will continue on the application of antibody replacements such as molecularly imprinted polymers. Additional candidate analytes will be identified for a tiered approach and to guide development of the next Task. Flexibility will be maintained to address methods and measurement issues as they arise during the task period which ends in FY06. The objective of the Task is to develop bioanalytical methods to support exposure monitoring studies during the task period.
The abstract summarizes pyrethorid methods development research. It provides a summary of sample preparation and analytical techniques such as supercritical fluid extraction, enhance solvent extraction, gas chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry.