Chronic Nitrogen Deposition Influences the Chemical Dynamics of Leaf Litter and Fine Roots During Decomposition
Xia, M., A. Talhelm, AND K. Pregitzer. Chronic Nitrogen Deposition Influences the Chemical Dynamics of Leaf Litter and Fine Roots During Decomposition. SOIL BIOLOGY AND BIOCHEMISTRY. Elsevier Science Ltd, New York, NY, 112:24-34, (2017).
This manuscript reports changes in sugar maple leaf litter and fine root chemistry during decomposition in northern hardwood forests and how these chemical changes during decomposition have been affected by +20 years of a simulated nitrogen deposition treatment.
Atmospheric nitrogen deposition induces a forest carbon sink across broad parts of the Northern Hemisphere; this carbon sink may partly result from slower litter decomposition. Although microbial responses to experimental nitrogen deposition have been well-studied, evidence linking these microbial responses to changes in the degradation of specific compounds in decaying litter is sparse. We used wet chemistry and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) methodologies to study the effects of chronic simulated nitrogen deposition on leaf litter and fine root chemistry during a three-year decomposition experiment at four northern hardwood forests in the north-central USA. Leaf litter and fine roots were highly different in initial chemistry such as concentrations of acid-insoluble fraction (AIF, or Klason lignin) and condensed tannins (CTs). These initial differences persisted over the course of decomposition.
Results from gravimetrically-defined AIF and lignin/carbohydrate reference IR peak ratios both provide evidence that lignin in fine roots was selectively preserved under simulated nitrogen deposition. Lignin/carbohydrate peak ratios were strongly correlated with AIF, suggesting that AIF is a good predictor of lignin. Because AIF is abundant in fine roots, slower AIF degradation was the major driver of the slower fine root decomposition under nitrogen enrichment, explaining 73.9 % of the additional root mass retention. Nitrogen enrichment also slowed the loss of CTs and proteins in fine roots. Nitrogen additions initially slowed the loss of AIF, CTs, and proteins in leaf litter, which was comparatively low in AIF, but these effects disappeared at the later stage and did not affect leaf litter mass loss during the experiment. Our results suggest that the decomposition of chemical classes subject to oxidative degradation, such as lignin and CTs, is generally inhibited by nitrogen enrichment, but whether this inhibition eventually slows litter mass loss and organic matter accumulation depends on the initial quantities of these classes in litter.
XIA ET AL 2017 N DEP LITTER CHEMISTRY SBB.PDF (PDF,NA pp, 794.492 KB, about PDF)