Science Inventory

Use of High Throughput Screening Data in IARC Monograph Evaluations (SOT)

Citation:

Rusyn, I., W. Chiu, K. Guyton, M. Martin, AND D. Reif. Use of High Throughput Screening Data in IARC Monograph Evaluations (SOT). Presented at Society of Toxicology annual meeting, New Orleans, LA, March 13 - 17, 2016. https://doi.org/10.23645/epacomptox.5155942

Impact/Purpose:

Evaluation of carcinogenic mechanisms serves a critical role in IARC monograph evaluations, and can lead to “upgrade” or “downgrade” of the carcinogenicity conclusions based on human and animal evidence alone. Three recent IARC monograph Working Groups (110, 112, and 113) pioneered analysis of high throughput in vitro screening data from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s ToxCast program in evaluations of carcinogenic mechanisms.

Description:

Purpose: Evaluation of carcinogenic mechanisms serves a critical role in IARC monograph evaluations, and can lead to “upgrade” or “downgrade” of the carcinogenicity conclusions based on human and animal evidence alone. Three recent IARC monograph Working Groups (110, 112, and 113) pioneered analysis of high throughput in vitro screening data from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s ToxCast program in evaluations of carcinogenic mechanisms. Methods: For monograph 110, ToxCast assay data across multiple nuclear receptors were used to test the hypothesis that PFOA acts exclusively through the PPAR family of receptors, with activity profiles compared to several prototypical nuclear receptor-activating compounds. For monographs 112 and 113, ToxCast assays were systematically evaluated and used as an additional data stream in the overall evaluation of the mechanistic evidence. Specifically, ToxCast assays were mapped to 10 “key characteristics of carcinogens” recently identified by an IARC expert group, and chemicals’ bioactivity profiles were evaluated both in absolute terms (number of relevant assays positive for bioactivity) and relative terms (ranking with respect to other compounds evaluated by IARC, using the ToxPi methodology). Results: PFOA activates multiple nuclear receptors in addition to the PPAR family in the ToxCast assays. ToxCast assays offered substantial coverage for 5 of the 10 “key characteristics,” with the greatest coverage for modulation of receptor-mediated effects. The patterns of bioactivity observed in ToxCast assays provided additional support to Working Group evaluations of the mechanistic evidence.Conclusions: High throughput in vitro screening data such as those from ToxCast provide a useful resource for evaluating both specific mechanistic hypotheses as well as the overall strength of the mechanistic evidence. However, the current ToxCast assay set does not sufficiently cover 5 of the 10 key characteristics of carcinogens that form the framework for current IARC mechanistic evaluations, highlighting the need to identify or develop additional assays for high throughput screening in order to more comprehensively cover mechanisms relevant to carcinogenicity.Funding source: None

URLs/Downloads:

https://doi.org/10.23645/epacomptox.5155942   Exit

RUSYN ET AL 2016 IARC POSTER SOT 3-9-2016 FINAL.PDF   (PDF,NA pp, 2725.133 KB,  about PDF)

IARC TOXCAST SOT ABSTRACT SUBMITTED.PDF   (PDF,NA pp, 168.412 KB,  about PDF)

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (PRESENTATION/POSTER)
Product Published Date: 03/17/2016
Record Last Revised: 05/30/2017
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 336433