Science Inventory

Association of Long-term PM2.5 Exposure with Traditional and Novel Lipid Biomarkers Related to Cardiovascular Disease Risk

Citation:

McGuinn, L., A. Schneider, R. McGarrah, C. Ward-Caviness, L. Neas, Q. Di, J. Schwartz, E. Hauser, W. Krause, W. Cascio, D. Diaz-Sanchez, AND R. Devlin. Association of Long-term PM2.5 Exposure with Traditional and Novel Lipid Biomarkers Related to Cardiovascular Disease Risk. ENVIRONMENT INTERNATIONAL. Elsevier B.V., Amsterdam, Netherlands, 122:193-200, (2019). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2018.11.001

Impact/Purpose:

This is the first paper to describe associations between long term PM2.5 exposure and changes in new and novel cholesterol biomarkers. These biomarkers are focused on particle size, not mass, and are considered by some to be a better predictor of the risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

Description:

BACKGROUND: Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure is associated with increased morbidity and mortality, particularly for cardiovascular disease. The association between long-term exposure to PM2.5 and measures of lipoprotein subtractions remains unclear. Therefore, we examined associations between long-term PM2.5 exposure and traditional and novel lipoprotein measures in a cardiac catheterization cohort in North Carolina. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 6587 patients who had visited Duke University for a cardiac catheterization between 2001 and 2010 and resided in North Carolina. We used estimates of daily PM2.5 concentrations on a 1 km-grid based on satellite measurements. PM2. 5 predictions were matched to the address of each patient and averaged for the year prior to catheterization date. Serum lipids included HDL, LDL, and triglyceride-rich particle, and apolipoprotein B concentrations (HDL-P, LDL-P, TRL-P, and apoB, respectively). Linear and quantile regression models were used to estimate change in lipoprotein levels with each µg/m3 increase in annual average PM2.5. Models were adjusted for age, sex, race/ethnicity, history of smoking, area-level education, urban/rural status, body mass index, and diabetes. RESULTS: For a 1-µg/m3 increment in PM_ 25 exposure, we observed increases in total and small LDL-P, LDL-C, TRL-P, apoB, total cholesterol, and triglycerides. The percent change from the mean outcome level was 2.00% (95% Cl: 1.38%, 2.64%) for total LDL-P and 2.25% (95% Cl: 1.43%, 3.06%) for small LDL-P. CONCLUSION: Among this sample of cardiac catheterization patients residing in North Carolina, long-term PM2.5 exposure was associated with increases in several lipoprotein concentrations. This abstract does not necessarily reflect U.S. EPA policy

URLs/Downloads:

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envint.2018.11.001   Exit

Record Details:

Record Type: DOCUMENT (JOURNAL/PEER REVIEWED JOURNAL)
Product Published Date: 01/01/2019
Record Last Revised: 02/08/2019
OMB Category: Other
Record ID: 343920

Organization:

U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT

NATIONAL HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS RESEARCH LABORATORY

ENVIRONMENTAL PUBLIC HEALTH DIVISION